As we move into Texas here in November, we see an increase in cold fronts, with the first frost killing coming later this month. As the temperature begins to drop, the cold weather poses many challenges for cattle breeders.

In this article, we will look at some of the possible causes of stress during the winter. These are cold, wind, snow, ice, rain and mud, and the main thing that affects beef is the temperature. However, all of these factors change the energy demand and acceptance of cattle for maintenance. The condition of the animal’s body can be described as simple to maintain, rather than to be found, or to be preserved. Research and producers tell us that they eat a lot of food during the winter months, especially in extreme cold and wet conditions.

Just as important as food, water is often another very important nutrient. If water is not provided, cattle will be reduced to fodder, which will lead to loss of body weight. Considering the daily consumption of dried beef may be temporarily depressing in extreme cold or during extreme storms and hurricanes. The metabolic response to the cold stimulus involves almost all body systems. Fractured muscles tremble, the heart beats faster, breathing becomes deeper, urine flow increases, and the sympathetic and pituitary control systems are activated to increase biological oxidations (energy expenditure or heat production) in all tissues. The result is an increase in the energy demand of the cow. Cattle have a very low temperature (32 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit), which is not very hot and not very cold. This temperature range is called the thermo-neutral zone. It is in this region that very few nutrients are needed to maintain bodily functions.

During cold weather events, snow is preferred over cold rain, because the simple reason is that “air protection” disappears with those in the snow when they are milking. It is the source of air pocket protection between the hair follicles. This coating is stuck in cold rain, and therefore the air barrier is lost. Numerous studies show that cow’s energy demand (TDN) is one percent lower than expected. Also, below the critical temperature of every 10 degrees, digestion is reduced by one percent. This means that when the temperature drops below the critical temperature, the cattle need additional supplementation. It may be necessary to supply more or higher quality straw.

In addition to the cold weather, which affects livestock performance, there is another factor that producers should consider during the winter – mud. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. If cattle have to fight mud, their diet must also improve. Other equipment manufacturers should help determine if the food they eat is adequate, in addition to the grazing test, which is a result of the condition of the body. During the last months of pregnancy, the cow should have 5, 6 or 7 points on a 1-9 scale. If a cow is going down in BCS, ration is not enough and needs to be improved.

Another concern for producers during the winter is the birth of calves. Many breeders prepare for calving at the end of winter, so it is very important that newborn calves do not freeze, otherwise they may die. Move frozen calves out of the weather, massage the animals with a towel, and use a heat lamp to stimulate blood circulation and, if necessary, help the calves recover.

Contact the Panola County AgriLife Extension Office at (903) 693-033 Ext 161 for more information on livestock production.

A successful Panola 4-H shooting sport

If you enjoy outdoor and hunting, you will love shooting sports project! This project covers fire safety and teaches responsible handling and use. Get ready because this project is on hand. You will learn about different guns – guns, shotguns and even a bow and arrow! Some teams focus on competition events, while others practice basic shooting programs. Contact your Panola 4-H Shooting Sports Club to see what’s available in your area.

Panola 4-H Shooting Sports Club is open to young people between the ages of 8 and 18. Did you know that nationwide, 4-H volunteers teach shooting sports to about 500,000 children? Shooting is fun for young people, especially non-athletes. The program provides a supportive environment for young people to experience practical, exciting learning experiences.

In the shooting sports project, you will learn how to install and fire a variety of weapons, proper repair of your weapon, parts and accessories, proper safety procedures for handling and shooting, shooting and how to participate in hunting procedures. , Laws and ethics related to the use of firearms, hunting and weapons, and occupations related to gun and shooting sports!

Volunteers are needed to coordinate county programs and work locally. Individuals who are interested in shooting sports and are willing to learn about them can contact one of the existing shooting volunteers or the Panola County Agriving Extension Office at (903) 693-0300 Ex to participate in an existing program or club. 160.

All teachers are trained by certified government teachers to teach courses. Adult volunteers receive shooting training at state and regional workshops to become qualified teachers. 4-H Young leaders may need help with the guide. As a role model, shooting leaders should pass on 4-H philosophy and youth development goals to 4-H members.

Panola 4-Sho Shooting Sports Club will meet at the Panola Expo on the fourth Monday of each month. There are so many ways to get involved or support 4-H Shooting Sports.

For more information about the 4-H Shooting Sports program, contact your local AgriLife Extension Office at (903)693-0300 Ext. 160 or one of our great shooting sports club managers.

11/8: Fairplay 4-H Club Meeting

11/12 ፡ Fade Panola Master Gardeners Lunch Time Lesson

11/13 – 11/14: East Texas Show Star Series

11/15: Gary 4-H Club Meeting

11/15: Stillwaters 4-H Club Meeting

11/19: East Texas Beef and Feeding Conference

11/22: Shooting Sports 4-H Club Meeting

11/29: Beckville 4-H Club Meeting

11/30: Carthage 4-H Club Meeting

Lee Dudley is an extension agent for Panola County.