“The combination of cold air and wind creates a dangerous and unpredictable wind chill,” said Matt Dixon, an agricultural meteorologist at the Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Ag. “On the night of January 6 to January 7, the wind will be cold and in many places it will be below zero or below zero.

Livestock breeders should provide adequate shelter, water, dry beds and fodder for cattle. Pet owners should bring their pets home. Animals are in high demand for energy during the colder months, which means they need high quality grains and fodder.

“The average horse should eat between 1.5% and 2% of body weight per day,” said Bob Coleman, a UK equine specialist. “Horses use a lot of calories to warm up, so that appetite increases in the winter.”

He recommended that more hay be provided and that horses be sheltered from wind and wet weather.

Horses must have access to clean, unadulterated water. Coleman says make sure the water sources are open. Decreased water content affects dry matter.

Environmental temperatures can affect the amount of dry matter that cattle eat, providing an opportunity to compensate for additional maintenance energy needs. Producers need to increase their feed intake by eating high quality fodder or eating high-quality straw or adding more grains or fats to their diet, said UK Lehmukhler, a UK beef specialist.

Lemkuhler urged breeders to keep an eye on cows during the winter and keep the animals in good condition.

“Poor hay may not provide enough energy to protect pregnant cows in the third trimester,” he said. “In cold weather, consider trying to eat more straw, especially for chronic colds.

Manufacturers must identify small and thin cows and supply cores that do not have the same internal defenses as old conditioner cows or provide high quality fodder if available. According to Coleman, wildlife owners employ similar strategies to identify animals as a result of their physical condition.

“Manufacturers have to move cows to the field. Provide natural windbreaks or artificial windbreaks, which are not the same as barns,” Lehmkuhler pointed out. “Poorly controlled warehouses combined with poor ventilation can hinder efforts to improve the environment. Energy or calories are important. If the amount of protein in the feed is sufficient, do not make further decisions based on protein level; Instead, buy the most affordable calories. Heat and allow water to drain.

A fur coat acts as a home defense – it holds air and increases protection. Wet, moisturizing hair reduces the cost of protection and increases heat loss. Up to 0.1 inches of rain weakens the hair and weakens the immune system, which immediately affects the weight of the cold stress. Growth time, obesity, obesity and other factors affect the amount of cold stress that animals experience.

The minimum critical temperature for cattle is the minimum temperature or wind chill, which does not require additional energy to maintain body temperature.

“As the temperature drops below this low critical value, the maintenance value of the animal increases to maintain the core body temperature,” he said. “Animals maintain body temperature by increasing metabolism, which in turn generates high temperatures, as well as other mechanisms of control, such as reducing blood flow to the extremities, shaking and drinking.”

Lehmkuhler Both external and internal defenses affect the critical critical temperature.

The outer layer is the depth and thickness of the hair follicle, the condition of the hair follicle and the latent thickness. Thinner breeds, such as some dairy farms, have less protection than thicker breeds, such as herders. The condition of the hair follicles is very important as an external protective layer.

When temperatures drop below 25 degrees Fahrenheit[25 ° C]dairy producers should make sure that the cow’s udder is dry before leaving.

Michel Arnold, a UK-based veterinarian, said: “If you find an animal with a wet breast or breast, it is definitely freezing cold.” “Treat the flu symptoms immediately, as damage to the nipple can damage the keratin seal quickly and allow bacteria that cause mastitis to enter the breast.”

The important thing is to provide a draft-free space for animals to escape the wind during severe winters.

“The challenge is to make that space available and to provide adequate ventilation,” she said.

Dry bedding is also very important. If cows, goats, or sheep are lying on a wet bed, frostbite is a big risk. Manufacturers should make sure that the fur coat is dry and as clean as possible.

“Perhaps the most important thing manufacturers can do is take care of themselves in extreme cold,” Arnold said. “If you are in trouble, you cannot be a shepherd. Put extra clothes and blankets in the truck. An extra pair of dry boots is also a good plan.

Dixon said the event would be a short-term heat wave expected over the weekend.

“It’s a good practice to make sure our farmers and livestock producers are ready for another explosion,” he said. “Even with warming up, we expect another rainstorm on the heels of this snowstorm that could lead to moderate flooding.”

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